Description. Chamomile is an annual herb with branched stems up to 50 cm high. The leaves are double- and triple-pinnate, filamentary cut. Colorful baskets are located on top of the numerous branching stem on long stalks, and consist of ring, white tabs female blossoms and internal tubular, yellow, hermaphrodite flowers. Torus is convex, and inside - hollow (typical of chamomile). The fruit is oblong brown seed.
Distribution. Chamomile occurs across meadows, clearings and along roads throughout the country.
Drugs. The flowers of chamomile - Flores Chamomillae.
Collected during the flowering (May to July) flower baskets are removed along with a small part (about 2 cm) from the stems and arrange in shallow baskets. Dried in the shade or in a drying oven at temperatures up to 35 ° C. Baskets of dried chamomile white gum leaves, cup and handle green. The drug has a pleasant smell and slightly bitter taste. Store in shady, cool and dry place. Allowed to contain moisture less than 15%.
Chemical composition. Chamomile flower contains essential oil that is green to blue depending on the amount of azulenes. The oil contains a large amount of paraffin and sesquiterpen kadinne type (about 10%) and caprylic, isovaleric acid and nonyl. Its main ingredients are bisabolol and its derivatives oxygen farnesene and chamazulene contained in varying amounts - from 1 to 15%. The herb also contains coumarins, flavones and glycosides apiin patulitrin, mucilage, nicotinic acid, salicylic acid, glycerides of oleic, palmitic, stearic and linoleic acid, carotene, Vitamin C, mucus and bitter substances.
Action and use. The rich composition of drugs and essential oil determines its action and the multiple use. The essential oil of chamomile has anti-inflammatory action and softener in diseases of the digestive tract - colic in the stomach and intestines, gastritis, colitis, flatulence (relieves flatulence), stomatitis, gingivitis, and inflammation of the respiratory tract - tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis (inhalation of oil money). External lavage was administered to inflammation of the eye, uterus and anal hemorrhoids. It has a beneficial effect in inflammatory diseases and kidney stones and bladder.The essential oil increases the number of cardiac contractility and expands vessels firebrand brain. Glycosides enhance the secretion of gastric and intestinal juice, increase the secretion of bile (for dyskinesias) and improves appetite. Flaonoidite coumarins, showed moderate antispasmodic action. The Hamazule has well expressed antiallergic action (in asthma) and local anesthetic action. It has beneficial effects on metabolism in the body. When cooking it‘s crumble, so drogatase used in the form of infusion or cold extract.
Infusions of colorful baskets of chamomile are used in difficult healing wounds (in the form of compresses). Chamomile is also used as a diaphoretic means (hot infusion) in the treatment of bronchial asthma, rheumatism (baths), neuralgic pain, allergic gastritis, colitis, nervous excitability, epilepsy, headache, eczema wet (poultices), burns, X-rays, edema, boils, painful menstruation, uterine bleeding, sweating of the feet and others.
Usage. The extract is made of cold than 10 teaspoons chamomile and 2 cups cold water. It is extracted for 8 hours. To brew 1 tablespoon herb pour 200 ml. boiling water. Allow to soak for one hour. Strain the infusion is taken at once. Usually drink 3 cups a day, but each dose must be freshly prepared.