Description. Flax is an annual herb with bare cylindrical stem, the top branched, up to 1.5 m. The leaves are prominent chains, consistent. The colors are sky blue or violet, with petioles, collected on top of the stem into thin panicle. Calyx five integral, corolla - petlistni, stamens are 5. The fruit of flax razpukliva box with multiple light brown shiny seeds. The plant blooms in June.
Distribution. Flax is cultivated widely in the country.
Drugs. Flaxseed - Semen Lini.
The seeds of the plant is collected upon full maturity and dried in the sun or in a drying oven at temperatures up to 45 ° C. They are flattened, yellow-brown, shiny, odorless and mastication have mucus and buttery flavor. They are stored in a shady, well-ventilated, dry place. allowed moisture to contain no more than 13%.
Chemical composition. The drug contains mucilage (about 6 percent - contained in mucilage, so the seeds are extracted purposes), pectin, fatty oil (30-40%), composed of glycerides of linoleic, linolenic acid and izolinolenovata, cyanogenic glycoside linamarin (1, 5%), the enzyme linamaraza, about 20-25% of proteins, sugars, carotene and the other.
Action and use. Flaxseeds have purgative liquefying mucus and inflammatory action. Recommended for constipation - increase the volume of the faeces and thus act in atony cathartic colon and obesity. Extract of flaxseed adopted internally coated with a thin layer of mucous membrane of the esophagus, stomach and intestines, preventing them from irritation. This is particularly important in peptic ulcer, which is accompanied by hypersecretion. If to this slimy coat of linseed add the decoction of herbs, she kept a long time on the damaged mucosa, which shortens the healing period. Extracts from seeds of flax - hot and cold, a beneficial effect in inflammatory diseases of the airways (cough, bronchial catarrh), diseases of the urinary tract (inflammation and stones in the bladder and kidney). Externally applied burns, inflamed mucosa and skin, edema, furuncles (paws). Flaxseed oil is separated linetol which contains large amounts of unsaturated fatty acids - oleic, linoleic, linolenic, which decrease blood cholesterol and are a good tool for treatment of atherosclerosis. According to folk medicine used flaxseed and hyperacidity, hoarse voice, inflammation of the prostate gland, gall stones, diabetes and others.
Usage. Crushed flaxseed or flaxseed flour is applied externally in the form of paws (kneaded with hot water and smeared on gauze.) Flaxseed oil, mixed with equal parts protein or lime water works very well in burn wounds. Internal application of flaxseed is prepared cold extract (1-2 tablespoons of seeds and 200 ml of cold water remain 2-3 hours) or open (2 tablespoons seed with 600 ml of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes). Decoction of flaxseed is taken 6 times a day 80 ml 15 minutes before eating and 30 minutes after eating.