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YARROW - Achillea millefolium

Usable part of the herb - Stalks and flowers of yarrow - Herba et Flores Millefolii.

Family Asteraceae

Description. Yarrow is a herbaceous plant with a straight trunk, up to 50 cm. At the top of the stem are collected colorful baskets in the form of a thick shield. Leaves are consistent double to triple cut with linear pointed leaflets. Colorful baskets are small, white. Their shell consists of reddish-brown in the middle part green, brick-shaped pieces of paper lined with squamous edge. Each basket consists of 5 peripheral, white tabs 30 and edged petals. Fruits are whitish, oblong, usually without hvarchilka. The whole plant is covered with gray hairs that give off-white color.

Distribution. Yarrow is found in meadows, grassy areas, meadows and mountain and forest areas across the country.

Drugs. Stalks and flowers of the yarrow - Herba et Flores Millefolii.

In herbalism use the whole plant or only the flowers that are harvested shortly before their full flowering, cut as close to the upper branch without their stem segments. Stalks are harvested at the beginning or during flowering (July to September). Overground part is cut to 20 cm. From the top of the stem, as woodened old parts are discarded. Dried 4-5 hours of sunshine, and then dried in the shade or in a drying oven at temperatures up to 40 ° C. The dried flowers are white or slightly yellowish and stem segments is green with a characteristic smell and bitter taste. The drug is packaged in bags or bales. Store in a shady, well-ventilated, dry place. May contain moisture up to 13%.

Chemical composition. The drug contains 0.1 - 0.5% essential oil (containing azulenes), bitter substance ahilein, choline, tannins, apigenin, mucilage, inulin, ascorbic acid and others. The anti-inflammatory action is mainly due to tanning substances and essential oils. Azulenat can contain up to 20% in the oil. In flowering drugs is the most rich in azulenes. In cultivated plants azulenes content can be increased up to 2 times in comparison with the wild.

Action and use. The drug is applied as a fragrant and bitter tool to excite the appetite and enhance secretion of gastric glands in atrophic gastritis and dyspepsia. Increases blood clotting, act astringent in bleeding (uterine and kidney), hemorrhoids, bleeding from the nose and gums in the treatment of wounds. The extracts of yarrow intensify the action of fibrin, but never lead to blood clots. The impact on the process of blood coagulation is moderate and only occurs with long taken. The basis of hemostatic effect stands to increase platelet counts and reduce clotting time. The herb acts astringent for diarrhea, stomatitis, gingivitis and inflammatory for gastritis, colitis with diarrhea and colic, inflammation of the kidneys and bladder, rheumatism. Apply as choleretic agent in biliary dyskinesia and jaundice. Enhances redundancy of the uterus (with insufficient and irregular menstruation), increases urinary excretion in hypertensive counteract the causes of malaria and intestinal worms.

Usage. The drug is administered in the form of decoction: 1-2 tablespoons pour 400 ml. boiling water and boil for 3 minutes. Allow to soak for 30 minutes. The extract Yarrow strain and it is taken 3 times daily 60-120 ml. (according to age) after meals.

Note. Treatment should be done no less than 3-4 months. After a break of 15 days course of treatment can be repeated.