Usable part of the herb - stalks Shepherd's Purse - Herba Bursae pastoris.
Description. Shepherd's Purse is an annual herbaceous plant. Rosette leaves are handles cut or wavy elongated lanceolate form. Stem leaves are whole or incorrect, poorly cut, consistent, sessile. The stem is straight, slightly branched. The flowers are white, small, gathered in sparsely raceme. Calyx and corolla are four, stamens 6, two of which are shorter than the others. The fruit is triangular, wedge-shaped, flattened pod with numerous seeds.
Distribution. Shepherd's Purse occurs through meadows, roads, meadows and fields throughout the country.
Drugs. Stalks from Shepherd's Purse - Herba Bursae pastoris.
Ground parts of Shepherd's Purse is collected in the flowering period (April-September). It was dried in the shade or in a drying oven at temperatures up to 40 ° C. The dried stems are light green stems with white small flowers and unripe fruits. Basal leaves are dark green, oblong lanceolate, cut with handles. Stem leaves are sitting, lanceolate, entire, with two sharp ears at the base. Drugs shepherd's purse should not contain impurities roots. It has a characteristic odor, slightly bitter taste. stored in a shady, well-ventilated, dry place. May contain moisture up to 13%.
The flowers of the plant are harvested in the flowering period (July to August). Dried in the shade or in a drying oven at temperatures up to 40 ° C. The dried herb is yellow with a slight, characteristic odor and slightly bitter taste. stored in a shady, well-ventilated, dry place.
Chemical composition. Stalks from shepherd's purse containing bases choline, proline, acetylcholine, tyramine and histamine. Flavone glycoside diosmin, tanning agents, essential oils, resins, inositol, vitamin C, sugars, malic, citric and tartaric acid, saponines, alkaloids, flavonoids, the vitamin K (accelerates blood clotting) and others.
Action and use: Shepherd's Purse and preparations thereof act styptic in uterine bleeding in obstetrical practice and haematuria (blood pissing) in hemoridi bleeding in bleeding after injury, bleeding in the stomach and intestines, nose bleeds and others. Hemostatic action Shepherd's Purse is mainly due to diosmin. It is possible that it is caused by the fungus Cystopus candidus, which attacks the plant in wet weather. This action is due to the content of vitamin C and K, flavonoids, tyramine and others. Shepherd's Purse has emphasized good effect in tuberculosis haemoptysis. Furthermore, water extracts of the herb amplified cuts uterine muscles constrict peripheral vascular and have a slight hypotensive action.
Folk medicine recommends Shepherd's Purse and atherosclerosis, haemoptysis, difficult urination, diseases of the liver, kidneys and spleen, as a laxative and others.
Usage. Shepherd's purse is applied in the form of various preparations. Internally taken as a decoction of two tablespoons of crushed stalks and 400 ml. boiling water. Boil 1 min., and allowed to soak for 8 hours. After straining be taken 3 times daily 120 ml. after a meal. The infusion is prepared at the same ratio after soaking for 2 hours. Externally applied decoction for compresses and rubbed with injury and injuries. It is prescribed as a cold extract after 8-hour soak 2 tablespoons of shepherd's purse with 2 cups water (dose for 1 day) or as a liquid extract (internal uterine bleeding).